swuklink: Adder or Viper - Vipera berus  
Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 Click here for more information

The adder is one of only three snakes which are native to the British Isles (the others are the grass snake and the smooth snake). The adder is the only venomous species.

The smooth snake preys on other reptiles and will sometimes take a young adder.

The adder was called the ' nadder ' in Old English; the present form dating from Middle English.

The Adder is a small but stout snake and rarely grows to exceed 65-cm (2-ft). Its head broadens behind the eyes to give it a distinct head (cf: the grass snake) and possesses a distinctive continuous zig-zag marking along the length of the back. These markings vary from animal to animal and no two are quite the same - the differences being large enough to allow the recognition of individuals.

Body colouration is variable in adders with the males usually grey or buff with black zig-zag markings and spots along their flanks. Females are brown with a dark brown zig-zag. Occasionally melanistic (wholly black) adders are reported.

The Adder has elliptical pupils, vertical and narrow (cf: the grass snake and the smooth snake). The life-span of adders is thought to be about fifteen years.

Adders hibernate during the winter when bites are rare but they become frequent in the summer months when the snakes are active and outdoor pursuits bring people into contact with them. If threatened, the adder will attempt to flee and will only bite if it is provoked and feels cornered and will certainly do so if stood upon or handled.

The adder uses venom for catching prey (usually small mammals and lizards) and some of the bites may be warning 'dry bites' with no evenomation (injection of venom) taking place.

In the event of an adder bite DO:

  • Remain calm
  • Reassure patient
  • Keep the patient as calm as possible
  • Leave the bite alone
  • Immobilise the affected limb
  • Get the patient to hospital as quickly as possible


  • Interfere with the wound in any way
  • Use potassium permanganate or ice packs
  • Use tourniquets or bandages

    Click here for more information on adder bites

  • Fatalities resulting from adder bites in the United Kingdom are very rare - only fourteen have been recorded in the century ending 1975 and none since.

    More people die from bee and wasp stings than from adder bites.

    REMEBER: your pet dog is at risk as well; while an adder just might tolerate being sniffed, it will almost certainly attack your pet on any sudden movement. A dog will usually be bitten on the head and will be very ill, possibly dying, and certainly needing vetinary attention as soon as possible.

    The adder ranges from Britain, through Europe as far as Northern China.

    Adders are chiefly creatures of heathlands and moors but may also be found on rough grassland, scrub and railway embankments. They tend to be favour sandy and stony places rather than alluvial areas.

    They are very timid animals and usually attempt to esacape quickly when disturbed. They will, however, defend themselves by striking trodden upon or handled (see ' Adder Bites' above).

    Like all our native reptiles, adders hibernate during the winter, in Britain from mid-October to February. The males emerge from hibernation first and the females only follow several weeks later. Mating takes place in April and early May.

    The male adders emerge from hibernation to be followed by the females about a fortnight later. Mating takes place in April and early May. It is preceded by a trial of strength between the males who 'dance' with each other to win the right to a female who is usually close by.

    Once they become pregnant, the females cease to feed for the three to four month duration of the gestation while the embryos develop inside them. Clutches usually numbering between four and twenty young, usually between four and ten, are born alive in Britain, in August or early September.

    The females do not breed every year as they need at least one intervening rest year in between breeding to feed up and regain breeding condition. Male adders reach sexual maturity in thier third or fourth year, females in their fourth or fifth.

    The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, Schedule 5, protects adders from trade, injury and killing. There is also protection as to the exploitation of the species under the Berne Convention.

    The Battle of Camlan
    The adder was blamed for the Battle of Camlan; while the armies of Mordred and Arthur were drawn up during a parley in which the battle might have been averted, an adder darted out from the scrub, so startling one of Arthur's men that he drew his sword to slay it. Taking the flash of his sword as an instance of Arthur's treachery, Mordred's army attacked.
    In the Highlands, the adder or serpent is supposed to represent the CAILLEACH'S power, which Brigit defeats with her lamb.

    BibliographyDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLegals
    kingdom              Animalia
    phylum            Craniata
    class          Reptilia
    order        Squamata
    family      Viperidae
    genus    Vipera
    speciesVipera berus

    BibliographyClassificationDiscuss this Page
    Hits on this PageLegalsLocallyTime-Line

    Native Reptiles of the British Isles

    BibliographyClassificationDiscuss this Page
    Hits on this PageLegalsLinksTime-Line

    Agglestone Heath

    ClassificationDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLegals

    Recommend a Book for this Page


    BibliographyClassificationDiscuss this Page
    Hits on this PageLegalsLinksLocally
    BibliographyClassificationDiscuss this PageLegalsLinks
    Hits on this Page
    Hits on this page since December 6th


    current year: previous year:

     Home Page  Useful National Web Links  Back: Display Previous Frame  Show Page Title Bar  Resize Window: 800x600 Resize Window: 1024x768
    Adder Bites
    Myths & Legends


     Click here for more information
     Close this Menu Panel
    Select ;-

    Aa-Az   Ba-Bz   Ca-Cz   Da-Dz   Ea-Ez   Fa-Fz   Ga-Gz   Ha-Hz   Ia-Iz   Ja-Jz   Ka-Kz   La-Lz   Ma-Mz   Na-Nz   Oa-Oz   Pa-Pz   Qa-Qz   Ra-Rz   Sa-Sz   Ta-Tz   Ua-Uz   Va-Vz   Wa-Wz   Ya-Yz   
    BibliographyClassificationHits on this PageLegalsLinks
    Discuss this Page

    No messages posted on this page

    Only Members of the Site can post messages in this section. Signing in is easy from our Home Page.

    BibliographyClassificationDiscuss this Page
    Hits on this PageLinksLocallyTime-Line

    DISCLAIMER: Whilst we endeavour to ensure the content of this site is correct, we cannot undertake that information you find here, is, or will remain accurate and complete. We do not warrant that any information contained on this site is fit for any purpose. If you wish to place reliance on any such information you must check its accuracy by some other means before doing so.

    MEMBERS get aditional features on our pages and will soon be able to interact with the site and add their views and informastion. Sign up, from the Home-Page, is simple and involves typing in your email address and a password of your choice.

    If you are in any way connected with any location or interested in the subject mentioned on this page and have an hour or two a month to spare, we would welcome you as a local moderator - please email the webmaster by CLICKING HERE.

    Privacy Policy

    last updated on
    Copyright © 2000-2003 swukink.com
    page ref: BAAAGBXZ

    雪茄| 雪茄烟网购/雪茄网购| 雪茄专卖店| 古巴雪茄专卖网| 古巴雪茄价格| 雪茄价格| 雪茄怎么抽| 雪茄哪里买| 雪茄海淘| 古巴雪茄品牌| 推荐一个卖雪茄的网站| 非古雪茄| 陈年雪茄| 限量版雪茄| 高希霸| 帕特加斯d4| 保利华雪茄| 大卫杜夫雪茄| 蒙特雪茄| 好友雪茄

    古巴雪茄品牌| 非古雪茄品牌

    邮件营销| Spread| Email Marketing| 電郵推廣 Email Marketing| 邮件群发软件 搜尋引擎優化 SEO

    Tomtop| Andoer| LEMFO| Anet A8| Xiaomi Roborock S50| Xiaomi M365 Scooter| MXQ PRO| MJX Bugs 5W| Hohem Isteady Pro| Hubsan H501s X4| Anet A6| Dobby Drone| ILIFE V7s| Creality Ender-3| Hubsan H501s| Hohem Gimbal| Trumpy Bear| Amazfit Bip| Hubsan H501s| Vernee T3 Pro| DJI Mavic Air| Anet A8 3d Printer Review| Populele| SONOFF| Homekit| JJPRO X5| LEMFO LEM7| Anet| Koogeek| Hubsan Drone| Wltoys| Feiyu| Zeblaze| Lixada| TomTop @Reasonable.shop

    IT Support| printing labels| System Integration| Software development| label printing| QR code scanner| wms| vending machine| barcode scanner| QR code scanner| SME IT| it solution| rfid tag| rfid| rfid reader| it outsourcing| printing labels| IRLS| inventory management system| digital labelling| barcode label| Self Service Kiosk| Bar Code/QR Code Application/QR Code Scanner| It Solution Service/It Services| Automation Labelling System/Applicator/Label Printing Machine/Thermal Transfer Printer/Packing Worker/Warehouse Worker| Clinic Booking/Appointment System| Photo Inspection/Staff Management Apps| Digital Labelling/Barcode Printers| Wms/Warehouse Management System| Vending Machine| It Solution Service/It services/IT Support| Hardware Maintenance| Barcode Label| IT Talent Sourcing| IT Talent Sourcing/It Outsourcing| Rfid Tag/Reader

    banner| foamboard| backdrop| pvc| printer| label| print shop| poster| business card| postcard| print services| printing company| name card| hk print| hong kong printing| Spray painting/banner/banner price| Backdrop/Backdrop price| Easy to pull / easy to pull frame price| Banner / printing / banner printing / printing quotation| Sticker / sticker printing| Leaflet / leaflet printing| Exhibition booth| Book printing| Bannershop/ebanner/eprint| Printing

    Beauties' Secret| 護膚品/化妝品| 面膜推薦| 眼膜產品| 爽膚水推薦| 護膚品推薦

    地產代理/物業投資| 租辦公室/租寫字樓| 地產新聞| 甲級寫字樓/頂手| Grade A Office| Commercial Building / Office building| Hong Kong Office Rental| Rent Office| Office for lease / office leasing| Office for sale| Office relocation

    Addmotor Electric Bike| Electric bike shop / electric bicycle shop| Electric bike review| Electric trike| Fat tire electric bike| Best electric bike| Electric bicycle| E bike| Electric bikes for sale| Folding electric bike| Electric mountain bike| Electric tricycle| Mid drive electric bike