swuklink: Water Supply in the UK  
in the UK
Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 Click here for more information

BibliographyDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLegals
LinksLocallyThe South-West

For many generations now, most of us in Britain have taken the supply of clean and safe drinking water, most usually to taps within our homes, as a matter of fact. This has not always been the case and it was only towards the latter end of the 19th century that such supplies first became available.

Prior to this, the only available supply of water would have been the local spring, stream, river, well, or, in larger towns and villages, a pump. Frequently the water was heavily polluted with all manner impurities as watercourses were used as sewers as well as sources of water and drinking water from most natural sources would have resulted, if not in death, then certainly in serious illness.

We have, for several generations, seen the drinking of alcoholic beverages such as beer and cider as a recreational activity but, before the advent of safe drinking water, brewing was a necessity, the alcohol in the beer, wine or ale killing the harmful bacteria, and every yeoman's wife would have been adept in the art of brewing ale. Many inns and public houses brewed their own ale (as some still do) and even small towns had many breweries. At the turn of the 19th century, the rising number of Londoners consumed four times as much beer as was consumed in the whole of the United Kingdom at the turn of the 21st century.

The industrial revolution led to the demise of cottage industries and centralisation of production in the factories of the towns and a consequent migration of population from the countryside. The rapid growth of the towns led to serious water supply and sewage treatment problems, particularly in the largest connurbations such as London.

The rapid growth of towns during the industrial revolution led to chronic problems of water supply. With London's population growing rapidly (doubling between 1800 and 1850), the owners of the Grand Junction Canal realised that their waterway could also be used as a water conduit and built a pumping station at Paddington Basin to supply water to London. The canal water proved to be too polluted and the company closed it in the 1820's, building another pumping station at Chelsea.

The Chelsea works could not cope with London's need for clean water so the company built a new pumping station upstream at Kew in 1838 using a Bolton & Watt steam engine with a 1.6-metre cylinder to raise 590 litresof water with each stroke. This again proved inadeqate and, high pressure steam engines not yet being available, another engine was built utilising a 2.4-metre cylinder.

see also:   Canals  

BibliographyDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLegals
LinksLocallyThe South-West

The Water Industry Act of 1999 allows water companies to fit a meter when a property is taken over by a new occupier provided that an umetered water bill based on the rateable value has not been previously sent to the new occupier.

In some cases the stop-cock box in the street has to be changed to allow the fitting of a water meter.

The Act refers to the consumer and not the owner allowing the water companies to meter rented properties without the consent of the owner unless plumbing alterations are required or if the tenancy agreement is of less than six months duration.

Most Commercial premises had already been metered by 2002 and most water companies seek to meter the remaining unmetered premises. The majority of commercial premises are metered internal because the external supply pipes are shared.

The water supply companies promote metering on the grounds that it encourages water conservation and identifies leakage on private property - they cite government initiatives to protect to protect the environment and reduce energy consuption.

By saving the amount of water used, less has to be treated and pumped, thus saving chemicals and electricity. These conservation measures lessen the impact of the water companies' operations on the local environment and defer the need to develop expensive new water resources.

BibliographyDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLegals
The South-West

The South-West of England has the highest water bills in the country primarily due to the historical under-investment and traditional reliance on the use of sea outfalls for waste water.

Major improvements and treatment works on all the sea outfalls were necessary to comply with the EC Bathing Waters Directive and the British government decided that this work in the region should be paid for by the customers of South West Water - the vast capital programme to improve water quality at thirty per cent of the designated bathing beaches in England and Wales is met solely by only three per cent of the country's population and local industry.

Major new European Standards are likely to be imposed which could result in even more significant costs to those living in the region.

The average water and sewerage bill amounts to as much as 9% of the single person's state pension � a greater proportion than anywhere else in England.
-   Ofwat SW

BibliographyDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLegals
LocallyThe South-WestTime-Line




Envirowise offers UK businesses free, independent, confidential advice and support on practical ways to increase profits, minimise waste and reduce environmental impact.

  Water Industry Act of 1999
  Water Supply (Water Fittings) Regulations 1999
  Environment Act 1995, Water Industry Act 1991: Code of Practice on Conservation, Access and Recreation: Guidance for the Environment Agency and Water and Sewerage Undertakers

BibliographyDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLegals
LinksThe South-WestTime-Line


BibliographyDiscuss this PageLegalsLinksLocally
The South-WestTime-Line
Hits on this Page
Hits on this page since December 6th


current year: previous year:

 Close this Menu Panel
Select ;-

Aa-Az   Ba-Bz   Ca-Cz   Da-Dz   Ea-Ez   Fa-Fz   Ga-Gz   Ha-Hz   Ia-Iz   Ja-Jz   Ka-Kz   La-Lz   Ma-Mz   Na-Nz   Oa-Oz   Pa-Pz   Qa-Qz   Ra-Rz   Sa-Sz   Ta-Tz   Ua-Uz   Va-Vz   Wa-Wz   Ya-Yz   
BibliographyHits on this PageLegalsLinksLocally
The South-WestTime-Line
Discuss this Page

No messages posted on this page

Only Members of the Site can post messages in this section. Signing in is easy from our Home Page.

BibliographyDiscuss this PageHits on this PageLinks
LocallyThe South-WestTime-Line

DISCLAIMER: Whilst we endeavour to ensure the content of this site is correct, we cannot undertake that information you find here, is, or will remain accurate and complete. We do not warrant that any information contained on this site is fit for any purpose. If you wish to place reliance on any such information you must check its accuracy by some other means before doing so.

MEMBERS get aditional features on our pages and will soon be able to interact with the site and add their views and informastion. Sign up, from the Home-Page, is simple and involves typing in your email address and a password of your choice.

If you are in any way connected with any location or interested in the subject mentioned on this page and have an hour or two a month to spare, we would welcome you as a local moderator - please email the webmaster by CLICKING HERE.

Privacy Policy

last updated on
Copyright © 2000-2003 swukink.com
page ref: BAAAGCDH

Mailchimp| Hubspot| Sendinblue| ActiveCampaign| SMS| 邮件营销| 营销软件| Email Marketing| 電郵推廣| 邮件群发软件| 搜尋引擎優化 SEO| edm|

Tomtop| TomTop @Reasonable.shop

barcode scanner| VPN| mircosoft 365| eClass| windows| mircosoft office| Web Design| IT| QR code

inventory management system| labelling| warehouse management| vending machine/ kiosk| it support| rfid| bixolon|

banner| foamboard| backdrop| pvc| printer| label| print shop| poster| business card| postcard| print services| printing company| name card| hk print| hong kong printing| Spray painting/banner/banner price| Backdrop/Backdrop price| Easy to pull / easy to pull frame price| Banner / printing / banner printing / printing quotation| Sticker / sticker printing| Leaflet / leaflet printing| Exhibition booth| Book printing| Bannershop/ebanner/eprint| Printing| Digital Printing|

Commercial Building / Office building|

Addmotor Electric Bike| Electric bike shop / electric bicycle shop| Electric bike review| Electric trike| Fat tire electric bike| Best electric bike| Electric bicycle| E bike| Electric bikes for sale| Folding electric bike| Electric mountain bike| Electric tricycle| Mid drive electric bike Juiced Bikes Pedego Rad-Power

天糧海外僱傭(外傭)中心| 外籍女傭(外傭)| 家務助理| Maids| Domestic helper