PLYMOUTH
Devon, England
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Plymouth, Devon, England         OS Map Grid Ref: SX472544
 The County of Devon
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A city and unitary authority in the SW of England, historically part of the county of Devon and its largest conurbation, Plymouth is situated at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar. The port was Britain's greatest Naval base and remains one of the country's few remaining naval dockyards. Its association with the Navy and the military caused it to be heavily blitzed during World War II, it is one of the English cities rebuilt by Lord Abercrombie during the 1950s.

Most visitors to the city are drawn to the stretch of greensward known as Plymouth Hoe overlooking the sea and Plymouth Sound. This is where Sir Francis Drake is reputed to have completed his game of bowls on July 20th, 1688 when the Spanish Armada had been sighted before setting sail to defeat the foe.

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History

Mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1087 as 'Suton', until their amalgamation in 1914 to form modern Plymouth, Plymouth, Devonport and Stonehouse were referred to as "The Three Towns". The first recorded mention of Plymouth dates from 1211.

Plymouth's natural harbour, Plymouth Sound, has made it an important port since the 14th century and a Naval base. The port has played inpart in many of the nation's momentous events; Sir Francis Drake began and ended his circumnavigation of the Earth (1577-1580) here; the fleet which defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588 was stationed here; the Pilgrim Fathers set sail for the New World from here in 1620; and it was a major port for the invasion of Europe mounted in June 1944 (D-Day). Devonport remains as the largest Naval base in Western Europe.

World War II

As Britain's principal Naval dockyard, Davenport was one of the most important targets for German bombers during World War II and it was inevitable that the blitzing of the city produced large numbers of civilian casualties. The nights of March 20th and 21st, 1941 were probably the City's worst with 336 civilians killed.

So heavy was the bombardment of the City that, with destroyed housing rebuilt, about twice the amount of housing stock which existed before the outbreak of the war was destroyed during the conflict.

Plymouth was one of the pricipal staging posts for the 'D-Day' Normandy landings in June 1944.

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Plymouth is one of the primary gateways to Cornwall. The Tamar Bridge carries the A38 from the St Budeaux area of Plymouth over the Tamar to Saltash on the Cornish side. Just dowstream of the road bridge is Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge which carries the major rail link to Cornwall. The Torpoint Ferry plies the Hamoaze (mouth of the Tamar).

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Devonport Dockyard

Offering convenient access to the Atlantic, the Dockyard is the largest Naval base in Western Europe. It is the base for the Trafalgar class nuclear powered hunter-killer submarines and many frigates.

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Plymouth University

The University of Plymouth has a slight tendency to specialise in naval and maritime related disciplines. The university recieved a charter in 1992.

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Football Club

Plymouth Agyle FC plays at national level. The former Labour Party leader and prime minister Micheal Foot (a native of Plymouth), was a director of the club.

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This time-line has been generated for this page from our general time-line
which you can view by clicking here or on the dates in the left-hand column.

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1211First recorded mention of Plymouth
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1403Plymouth burnt by Breton (Spain) raiders
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1568Elizabeth I seizes the treasure of a Spanish fleet driven into Plymouth: Start of the Anglo-Spanish maritime feud
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1580.Sep.26Sir Francis Drake sails into Plymouth on the Golden Hinde ending its three-year voyage circumnavigating the Earth
He set off in 1577
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1588.Jul.20Spanish Armada sighted off Plymouth
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1620.Sep.06The Pilgrim Fathers set sail for America (New England) from Plymouth in the Mayflower
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1628New Plymouth colony founded in America by Sir Ferdinando Gorges
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1652.Aug.16Battle of Plymouth: 32 Dutch warships escorting a merchant convoy engage 38 English warships in an indecisive battle during which the merchantmen escape
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1658Stage Coach from the George Inn, Aldersgate (London) advertised
To Salisbury in two days for 20 shillings; To Exter in four days for 40 shillings; To Plymouth for 50 shillings
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1726William Cookworthy takes up position at a new wholesale pharmacy business in Plymouth
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1768William Cookworthy obtains an English patent for \'Making porcelain from Moorstone, Growan and Growan Clay\'
He established the first British porcelain factory at Plymouth
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1812Rennie begins construction of the breakwater at Plymouth
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1815Napoleon moored off Plymouth before sailing to exile on St Helena
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1824.Jan.01Plymouth Dock renamed Devonport
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1824.Nov.22The 80-ton sloop Ebeneezer, on a voyage from Plymouth to Portsmouth with government stores, cast ut near the crest of Chesil Beach by the Great Gale
The captain lost his life but the rest of the crew survived. Later hauled into the Fleet, the Ebeneezer floated sufficiently to be towed to Portland for repairs
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1847Plymouth-Falmouth railway began
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1849.Apr.02Completion of The South Devon Railway to Plymouth
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1877Smeaton\'s Tower (the upper portion of his Eddystone Lighthouse) erected on Plymouth Hoe
1914The Three Towns, Plymouth, Devonport and Stonehouse amalgamated to form the modern Plymouth
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1941.Mar.20The Plymouth blitz at its worst; 336 civilians killed on the 20th and 21st
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1961Opening of the Tamar Bridge carrying the A38 from Plymouth in Devon to Saltash in Cornwall
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1961Opening of the Tamar Bridge carrying the A38 from Plymouth in Devon to Saltash in Cornwall
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1962.Aug.12US mail truck held up in Plymouth, Mass., and over $1.5-million stolen
1974The Plymouth pharmacy founded by Sylvanus Bevan and William Cookworthy in 1735 closes when the proprietor retires
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1992University of Plymouth recieves a royal charter
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1998Local government reorganisation; Plymouth and Torbay in Devon become unitary authorities
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2000.Nov.15Outline planning permission given by South Hams DC for the Langage Energy Plant Project, an 800Mw gas-fired power station on the edge of Plymouth
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2003.OctPlymouth City Council introduce evening and Sunday charging in car parks
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2003.Oct.14BAE Systems (employing 590 in Plymouth) announces the loss of 280 jobs at its site in Southway in Plymouth because of a downturn in its military business
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2003.Oct.14BAE Systems (employing 590 staff in Plymouth) announces 280 jobs losses at its site in Southway in Plymouth because of the downturn in its military business
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2003.Oct.18Florence Seccombe, thought to be in her 70s and known locally as Flo found dead at Bretonside bus station, Plymouth from a single stab wound to the neck

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TOWNS & VILLAGES
Devonport
  Dorset, England
2.7 km NE
Torpoint
  Cornwall, England
3.7 km NE
St Germans
  Cornwall, England
11.6 km NE
Landrake
  Cornwall, England
11.4 km NE
Trematon
  Cornwall, England
9.4 km NE
Plympton
  Devon, England
7.3 km NW

OTHER PLACES

 
14.4 km NW

 
The Living From the Sea Museum tells the story of fishing up to the present day.
21.7 km SW
Monkey Sanctuary
  Looe, Cornwall PL131NZ
Breeding colony of monkeys.
21.7 km SW
Old Guildhall Museum
 
Higher Market Street, East Looe, Looe, Cornwall PL13 1BS
Local history and culture.
21.7 km SW
Paul Corins Magnificent Music Machines
 
St Keyne Station, Liskeard, Cornwall
Working exhibits from the Victorian era to the 1930s exhibited and playing.
23.8 km NW
Liskeard & District Museum
 
Foresters Hall, Pike Street, Liskeard, Cornwall PL14 6BW
Liskeard and District Museum and Stuart House were opened on June 6th, 2002 by HRH Prince Charles, Duke of Cornwall
24.2 km NW
Savernake Forset
  Wiltshire, England
225.1 km NW

Camping Sites
Karrageen Caravan & Camping Park
Karrageen House, Bolberry, Malborough, Devon   TQ7 3EN
26.4 km SW
Lower Aish
Poundsgate, Devon   TQ13 7NY
29.1 km NW

Video Sales & Hire
Choices Video
127 Union St, Plymouth, Devon   PL1 3HF
0.3 km E
Peebees
127 Market Stalls, Plymouth, Devon   PL1 1PR
0.4 km NW
E.T Videos
16 Buckwell St, Plymouth, Devon   PL1 2DA
0.9 km SW

 

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