Cornwall, England
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Truro, Cornwall, England         OS Map Grid Ref: SW827448
 The County of Cornwall
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Truro is built around the confluence of the river Allen and its tributary, the Kenwyn.

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The Bishopric of Truro was estabished by Act of Parliament in 1876. It was Edward White Benson, the first Bishop, who instigated the building of the cathedral.

Built on the site of the 16th century parish church of St Mary the Virgin, the cathedral is unique in having retained its status as a parish church (the Dean of the Cathedral also Rector of the parish).

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Royal Cornwall Museum

Royal Cornwall Museum

The Royal Institution of Cornwall (founded in 1818) moved to the River Street site in 1819. The museum features collections that depict Cornish history from the earliest times, the Rashleigh mineral collection, pottery, including work by Bernard Leach, and natural history exhibits. The art gallery includes paintings by the well-known Cornish artist John Opie. There are also visiting exhibitions throughout the year.
It has an interesting shop and spacious caf�, which is a popular meeting place.
Opening: Monday-Saturday: 10.00am-5.00pm
Closed Sundays and Bank Holidays
Admission: Adult �4.00, OAP/Student �2.50
Accompanied Child FREE, Unaccompanied Child 50p
The Royal Cornwall Museum & Galleries,
River Street, Truro, Cornwall, TR1 2SJ
fax:   01872 240514
tel:   01872 272205


see also:   Museums in Cornwall

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Richard Lucy, Chief Justice of England in the reign of Henry II, built a castle at what is now the top of Castle Street and the town grew up around the Norman citadel.

The remains of the Norman castle were discovered during excavations for the cattle market. The Courts of Justice, the County Courts for Cornwall, now stand on the site.

By the 14th century, the town which had grown up on the river Allen around the Norman Castle had become an important inland port. As one of Cornwall's five stannary towns, copper and tin were assayed and stamped Truro twice a year before being shipped on.

The Black Death
The Black Death arrived late in the 14th century. Spread by rats where people lived in close proximity, the disease casued an exodus leaving Truro neglected. Parliament was petitioned to excuse the townsfolk from paying rent to restore the town.

Tudor Truro
Tudor Truro was a prosperous place and was granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I allowing the town the right to elect a mayor and self-government. At this time, the town also controlled the port of Falmouth.

The Civil War
With King Charles I commanding the support of the West Country, a mint was established at Truro by the Royalists during the Civil War.

Industries of the 17th & 18th Centuries
Truro was a busy industrial centre, engaged in tin smelting and with an iron foundry, pottery, tannery and wool and carpet making.

Tin Mining Prosperity in the 18th & 19th Centuries
Increases in the price of Tin caused prosperity throughout Cornwall and the ancient stannary town flourished as wealthy mine owners built their elegant houses in Truro.

The properity caused Truro to be called "the London of Cornwall"; the Assembly Rooms were built on High Cross and the town had a theatre for the amusement of its worthies.

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Humphrey Davy,   inventor of the miners' safety lamp, was born in Penzance but educated at the Old Truro Grammar School.

Samuel Foote,   actor and playright, whose family lived in Boscawen Street, was educated in the town.

Richard Lander,   explorer who, in a governemnt-sponsored expedition with his brother John, discovered the source of River Niger. Awarded the first gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society in 1832, Lander's statue stands at the top of Lemon Street.

Sir William Lemon,   mining magnate and MP for Cornwall. Lemon Street, the finest example of Georgian architecture west of the city of Bath, was built on land given by Sir William for the purpose.

Sylvanus Trevail,   Cornish architect with a distinctive style

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This time-line has been generated for this page from our general time-line
which you can view by clicking here or on the dates in the left-hand column.

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1066The Norman Earl Ordulf is given charge of Moresk Castle, Truro, Cornwall
1852Completion of the West Cornwall railway (Penzance - Truro)
1859.Apr.11First train passes over the Royal Albert Bridge from Plymouth to Truro
1876Cornwall ceases to be an archdeaconry, the diocese of Cornwall is reinstated with the see at Truro
By the Bishopric of Truro Bill
1877City status granted to Truro in Cornwall by Queen Victoria
1893.Jun.06J Passmore Edwards is made the first Freeman of the City of Truro for his gifts to the City and the County of Cornwall
1897Formation of the Truro Diocesan Guild of Ringers
1898Victoria Gardens in Truro are laid out and open for public use commemorating the 60th year of the reign of Queen Victoria
1910Completion of the building of Truro Cathedral in Cornwall
1919The Royal Institution of Cornwall moves into its present building in River Street, Truro
2003.Nov.01Truro and St Austell MP Matthew Taylor calls for central government to write of the Cornish health authority\\\'s �31-million debt

Year   Word/Phrase    
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  Towns & Villages

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. . . . . the inclusion of these links to other sites is for the interest and convenience of visitors to this site only and does not imply any endorsement of the products or services offered by the individuals or organisations involved nor the accuracy of the information contained therein . . . . .

Truro Town Official Website
Diocese of Truro
Truro Cathedral

Truro College

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Cornwall Maritime Museum
2 Bells Court, Market Street, Falmouth, Cornwall TR11 2AZ
Displays about Cornwall and the sea; the Falmouth Packet Service; Ship models; Artefacts; Paintings; Shipbuilding; Navigation; Wrecks; Lifesaving and a database of Cornish-built vessels from 1786 to 1914.
12.2 km SW
National Maritime Museum Cornwall
Discovery Quay, Falmouth, Cornwall TR11 3QY
Housed in an award winning building on the Falmouth harbour-side, the National Maritime Museum Cornwall transports you into the world of small boats and Cornish maritime history. Hands on interactive displays, sailing model boats, full size craft from the
12.2 km SW

On the B3300, Redruth to Portreath road at the Cornish Goldcentre. A unique and important part of Cornwalls history, the only remaining tin streaming mill in the Duchy of Cornwall, now rescued by the Trevithick Trust in partnership with Cornish Goldsmiths
13.7 km SW

15.8 km SW

15.8 km SW

King Edward Mine was built as a training mine for the students at Camborne School of Mines and lies at Troon just South of Camborne. It is a complete miniature mine with an underground training mine, a miniature processing plant, a lecture theatre and the
17.7 km SW
Poldark Mine
  Wendron, Helston, Cornwall TR13 0ER
A genuine Cornish tin mine re-opened as a fascinating family attraction. Take a trip underground (children under four at guides discretion). There are craft shops and workshops. There is a childrens play area, amusements, gold panning, ten-pin bowling and
20.3 km SW
Wheal Martyn
  Carthew, St Austell, Cornwall PL26 8XG
The story of China clay is fascinating. In the 18th century prestigious porcelain companies competed to produce the finest china. Companies like Wedgewood have been buying China clay from Cornwall since the 18th century making tab
21 km NE

Camping Sites
The Camping & Caravanning Club
Tretheake Manor, Veryan, Cornwall   TR2 5PP
11.2 km SW
Treloan Coastal Farm Holidays Ltd
Treloan Coastal Farm, Portscatho, Cornwall   TR2 5EF
12.1 km SW
Cambrose Touring Park
Portreath Rd, Cambrose, Cornwall   TR16 4HT
14.1 km NE
Caddy`s Corner Farm
Carnmenellis, Cornwall   TR16 6PH
16 km SE
KM Wallis
Killyanchor, Gunwalloe, Cornwall   TR12 7QJ
26.4 km SE

Public Houses
3 Quay St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 2HB
0 km
Barley Sheaf
Old Bridge St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 2AQ
0.1 km N
The M.I Bar
Back Quay, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 2LW
0.1 km S
Macnamaras Roundhouse
37 St Austell St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 1SE
0.1 km W
The Crab & Ale House
New Bridge St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 2AA
0.1 km W
Old Ale House
7 Quay St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 2HD
0.1 km SW
The William IV
Kenwyn St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 3DJ
0.4 km E
Bunters Bar
58 Little Castle St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 3DL
0.4 km E
Daniell Arms
Infirmary Hill, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 2JA
0.5 km SE

Video Sales & Hire
Gilberts Video
The Old Drill Hall, New Bridge St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 2AA
0.1 km W
Video Vision
106 Kenwyn St, Truro, Cornwall   TR1 3BX
0.5 km SE
Moods & Vision
11/12 St Georges Arcade, Falmouth, Cornwall   TR11 3DH
12.2 km SE
Video Express
9 Berkeley Vale, Falmouth, Cornwall   TR11 3PL
12.2 km SE
Stop In Shop Videos And Games
88 Higher Fore St, Redruth, Cornwall   TR15 2AR
12.8 km SE
The Volt
93 Boslowick Rd, Falmouth, Cornwall   TR11 4QD
13.3 km SE
TEN Videos
Paynters Lane End, Redruth, Cornwall   TR16 4DS
15.5 km SE
Ultimate Video
32 Meneage St, Helston, Cornwall   TR13 8AB
24.1 km SE


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